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Chapter 100 The Code and Policies of the University


CHAPTER VI- ACADEMIC FREEDOM AND TENURE

CHAPTER VI- ACADEMIC FREEDOM AND TENURE

SECTION 600FREEDOM AND RESPONSIBILITY IN THE UNIVERSITY COMMUNITY.

  1. The University of North Carolina is dedicated to the transmission and advancement of knowledge and understanding. Academic freedom is essential to the achievement of these purposes.The University therefore supports and encourages freedom of inquiry for faculty members and students, to the end that they may responsibly pursue these goals through teaching, learning, research, discussion, and publication, free from internal or external restraints that would unreasonably restrict their academic endeavors.
  2. The University and each constituent institution shall protect faculty and students in their responsible exercise of the freedom to teach, to learn, and otherwise to seek and speak the truth.
  3. Faculty and students of the University of North Carolina shall share in the responsibility for maintaining an environment in which academic freedom flourishes and in which the rights of each member of the academic community are respected.

SECTION 601.ACADEMIC FREEDOM AND RESPONSIBILITY OF FACULTY.

  1. It is the policy of the University of North Carolina to support and encourage full freedom, within the law, of inquiry, discourse, teaching, research, and publication for all members of the academic staffs of the constituent institutions. Members of the faculty are expected to recognize that accuracy, forthrightness, and dignity befit their association with the University and their position as men and women of learning.They should not represent themselves, without authorization, as spokespersons for the University of North Carolina or any of its constituent institutions.
  2. The University and its constituent institutions shall not penalize or discipline members of its faculties because of the exercise of academic freedom in the lawful pursuit of their respective areas of scholarly and professional interest and responsibility.

SECTION 602.ACADEMIC TENURE.[8]

  1. To promote and protect the academic freedom of its faculty, the board of trustees of each constituent institution shall adopt policies and regulations governing academic tenure.Policies adopted by a board of trustees regarding academic tenure and promotion shall be effective upon review by the senior vice president for academic affairs and the vice president and general counsel, and approved by the president.The chancellor shall review the constituent institution’s tenure policies periodically, but at least every five years, and shall report to the president whether or not amendments or revisions are appropriate.The chancellor shall involve the faculty in this review.
  2. In all instances, the tenure conferred on a faculty member is held with reference to employment by a constituent institution, rather than to employment by the University of North Carolina.
  3. The tenure policies and regulations of each constituent institution[9] shall prescribe the procedures by which decisions concerning appointment, reappointment, promotion, and the conferral of permanent tenure shall be made.The length of terms of appointment that do not carry permanent tenure and those faculty ranks or titles whose holders shall be eligible for permanent tenure shall be prescribed.The institutional policies and regulations also shall prescribe the intervals at which the review of candidates for reappointment and promotion, including the conferral of permanent tenure, shall occur.The tenure policies and regulations of each institution, which shall include the complete text of Chapter VI of The Code, shall be published by the institution and distributed to its faculty members.
  4. The tenure policies and regulations of each institution shall set forth the general considerations upon which appointment, reappointment, promotion, and permanent tenure are to be recommended.The institutional regulations shall provide that these considerations shall include an assessment of at least the following: the faculty member's demonstrated professional competence, the faculty member’s potential for future contribution, and institutional needs and resources.
  5. The institutional policies and regulations shall specify that permanent tenure may be conferred only by action of the president and the Board of Governors, or by such other agencies or officers as may be delegated such authority by the Board of Governors.[10]
  6. Institutional tenure policies and regulations shall distinguish among the following:
    1. the nonreappointment (or nonrenewal) of a faculty member at the expiration of a specified term of service;
    2. the discharge from employment of a faculty member with permanent tenure or of a faculty member appointed to a specified term of service before that term expires only for reasons of (i) incompetence, (ii) neglect of duty, or (iii) misconduct of such a nature as to indicate that the individual is unfit to continue as a member of the faculty, as specified in Code Section 603;
    3. the termination of employment for reasons of institutional financial exigency or major curtailment or elimination of a teaching, research, or public-service program of a faculty member who has permanent tenure, or of a faculty member who has been appointed to a specified term of service before that term expires; and
    4. retirement.
  7. Institutional tenure policies and regulations shall provide that the appointment, reappointment, or promotion of a faculty member to a position funded in whole or in substantial part from sources other than continuing state budget funds or permanent trust funds shall specify in writing that the continuance of the faculty member's services, whether for a specified term or for permanent tenure, shall be contingent upon the continuing availability of such funds.The institutional tenure policies and regulations may make one or more of the following exceptions to the foregoing contingency requirement:
    1. That such a contingency shall not be included in a promotion to a higher rank if, before the effective date of that promotion, the faculty member had permanent tenure and no such condition is attached to the tenure.
    2. That such a contingency shall not be attached to the faculty member’s contract if the faculty member held permanent tenure in that institution on July 1, 1975, and the contract was not contingent upon the continuing availability of sources other than continuing state budget or permanent trust funds.
    3. That such a contingency may be waived for health affairs faculties because of the unusual dependence of programs in the health professions on income from sources such as clinical receipts.

      If a faculty member's appointment is terminated because of the nonavailability of these funds, the institution will make every reasonable effort to give the same notice as set forth in Section 605 B(1).This notice shall include the pertinent data upon which the termination is based.

  8. The tenure policies and regulations of each institution shall be subject to approval by the president.The president periodically shall review and re-evaluate these policies and regulations and report findings and recommendations, if any, to the Committee on Personnel and Tenure and through the committee to the Board of Governors.

SECTION 603.DUE PROCESS BEFORE DISCHARGE OR THE IMPOSITION OF SERIOUS SANCTIONS.

  1. A faculty member who is the beneficiary of institutional guarantees of tenure shall enjoy protection against unjust and arbitrary application of disciplinary penalties.During the period of such guarantees the faculty member may be discharged from employment, suspended without pay, or demoted in rank for reasons of:
    1. Incompetence, including significant, sustained unsatisfactory performance after the faculty member has been given an opportunity to remedy such performance and fails to do so within a reasonable time;
    2. Neglect of duty, including sustained failure to meet assigned classes or to perform other significant faculty professional obligations; or
    3. Misconduct of such a nature as to indicate that the individual is unfit to continue as a member of the faculty, including violations of professional ethics, mistreatment of students or other employees, research misconduct, financial fraud, criminal, or other illegal, inappropriate or unethical conduct.To justify serious disciplinary action, such misconduct should be either (i) sufficiently related to a faculty member’s academic responsibilities as to disqualify the individual from effective performance of university duties, or (ii) sufficiently serious as to adversely reflect on the individual’s honesty, trustworthiness or fitness to be a faculty member.

      These sanctions may be imposed only in accordance with the procedures prescribed in this section. For purposes of this Code, a faculty member serving a stated term shall be regarded as having tenure until the end of that term.These procedures shall not apply to nonreappointment (Section 604) or termination of employment (Section 605).

  2. Procedures for the Imposition of Discharge or Serious Sanction.
    1. The chief academic officer of the institution, however titled, shall send the faculty member a written notice of intention to discharge the faculty member or impose a serious sanction together with a written specification of the reasons.The notice and specification of reasons shall be sent by a method of mail or delivery that requires a signature for delivery.The statement shall include notice of the faculty member’s right, upon request, to a hearing by an elected standing faculty committee on hearings.When the faculty member has been notified of the institution's intention to discharge the faculty member, the chancellor shall have the sole discretion to either reassign the faculty member to other duties or to place the faculty member on administrative leave with pay.Placement of a faculty member on administrative leave with pay shall be in exceptional circumstances, such as to avoid disruption in the work place or protect the safety of members of the campus community.
    2. If, within 14 calendar days after receiving the notice and written specifications referred to in paragraph (a) above, the faculty member makes no written request for a hearing, the faculty member may be discharged or serious sanction imposed without recourse to any institutional grievance or appellate procedure.[11]
    3. If the faculty member makes a timely written request for a hearing, the chancellor shall ensure a process is in place so that the hearing is timely accorded before an elected standing committee of the institution’s faculty.The hearing shall be on the written specification of reasons for the intended discharge or imposition of a serious sanction.The hearing committee shall accord the faculty member 30 calendar days from the time it receives the faculty member’s written request for a hearing to prepare a defense.The hearing committee may, upon the faculty member’s written request and for good cause, extend this time by written notice to the faculty member.The hearing committee will ordinarily endeavor to complete the hearing within 90 calendar days except under unusual circumstances such as when a hearing request is received during official university breaks and holidays and despite reasonable efforts the hearing committee cannot be assembled.12
    4. The hearing shall be closed to the public unless the faculty member and the hearing committee agree that it may be open.The faculty member shall have the right to counsel, to present the testimony of witnesses and other evidence, to confront and cross-examine adverse witnesses, to examine all documents and other adverse demonstrative evidence, and to make argument.A written transcript of all proceedings shall be kept; upon request, a copy thereof shall be furnished to the faculty member at the institution's expense.
    5. The chief academic officer, or designee, and/or counsel, may participate in the hearing to present testimony of witnesses and other evidence, to cross-examine witnesses, to examine all documents and other evidence, and to make argument.
    6. The hearing committee shall make written recommendations to the chancellor within 14 calendar days after its hearing concludes or after the full transcript is received, whichever is later.In reaching its written recommendations to the chancellor, the committee shall consider only the evidence presented at the hearing and such written or oral arguments as the committee, in its discretion, may allow.The university has the burden of proof.In evaluating the evidence, the committee shall use the standard of “clear and convincing” evidence in determining whether the institution has met its burden of showing that permissible grounds for serious sanction exist and are the basis for the recommended action.
    7. Following receipt of the committee’s written recommendations, the decision as to whether to discharge or impose serious sanction on the faculty member is the chancellor’s.If the chancellor decides to discharge the faculty member, the institution’s obligation to continue paying the faculty member’s salary shall cease upon issuance of the chancellor’s decision.If the chancellor decides to impose one or more serious sanctions upon the faculty member, the institution may impose such sanctions upon issuance of the chancellor’s decision.If the chancellor concurs in a recommendation of the committee that is favorable to the faculty member, the chancellor’s decision shall be final, with no appeal available.If the chancellor either declines to accept a committee recommendation that is favorable to the faculty member or concurs in a committee recommendation that is unfavorable to the faculty member, the faculty member may appeal the chancellor's decision to the board of trustees.An appeal must contain a brief statement that alleges one or more of the following as the basis for the appeal: (1) that the process for making the decision was materially flawed, so as to raise questions about whether the faculty member’s contentions were fairly and reliably considered; (2) that the result reached by the chancellor was clearly erroneous; or (3) that the decision was contrary to controlling law or policy. If the faculty member elects to appeal the chancellor’s decision to the board of trustees, this appeal shall be transmitted through the chancellor and be addressed to the chair of the board.Notice of appeal shall be filed with the board of trustees by certified mail, return receipt requested, or by another means that provides proof of delivery, within 14 calendar days after the faculty member receives the chancellor's decision.
  3. Appeals of Decisions Imposing Discharge or Serious Sanction. The appeal to the board of trustees shall be decided by the full board of trustees.However, the board may delegate the duty of conducting an initial review to a standing or ad hoc committee of at least three members.The board of trustees, or its committee, shall consider the appeal on the based on the record of the proceedings below, and may, in its discretion, consider written or oral arguments, subject to any policies, regulations or guidelines as may be adopted by the Board of Governors, president, or board of trustees.The board of trustees’ decision shall be made as soon as reasonably possible after the chancellor has received the faculty member’s request for an appeal to the trustees.This decision shall be the end of the University’s appeals process.
  4. The procedures prescribed herein shall take effect with any discharge or serious sanction proposed on or after July 1, 2019.

SECTION 604.APPOINTMENT, NONREAPPOINTMENT AND REQUIREMENTS OF NOTICE AND REVIEW FOR TENURE TRACK FACULTY.12.1

604 A.Notice of Reappointment or Nonreappointment.

  1. The decision not to reappoint a faculty member at the expiration of a fixed term of service shall be made by the appropriate institutional faculty and administrative officers early enough to permit timely notice to be given.12.2 For full-time faculty at the rank of instructor, assistant professor, associate professor, or professor, the minimum requirement for timely notice shall be as follows:
    1. During the first year of service at the institution, the faculty member shall be given not less than 90 calendar days’ notice before the employment contract expires; and
    2. During the second year of continuous service at the institution, the faculty member shall be given not less than 180 calendar days' notice before the employment contract expires; and
    3. After two or more years of continuous service at the institution, the faculty member shall be given not less than 12 months' notice before the employment contract expires.
  2. Notice of reappointment or nonreappointment shall be written. If the decision is not to reappoint, then failure to give timely notice of nonreappointment will oblige the chancellor thereafter to offer a terminal appointment of one academic year.

604 B.Impermissible Reasons for Nonreappointment.

In no event shall a decision not to reappoint a faculty member be based upon (1) the exercise by the faculty member of rights guaranteed by the First Amendment to the United States Constitution, or by Article I of the North Carolina Constitution; or (2) the faculty member's race, color, sex, religion, creed, national origin, age, disability, veteran’s status, or other forms of discrimination prohibited under policies adopted by campus boards of trustees; or (3) personal malice.For purposes of this section, the term “personal malice” means dislike, animosity, ill-will, or hatred based on personal characteristics, traits, or circumstances of an individual.

604 C.Review of Nonreappointment Decisions.

  1. Campus-Based Review.Subject to limitations contained in this Code and the policies of the Board of Governors, each constituent institution shall have a procedure whereby a tenure track faculty member may seek review of the decision of the constituent institution not to reappoint the faculty member.Such procedures shall at a minimum provide for the following:
    1. A reasonable time of no less than 14 calendar days within which after receiving the notice of nonreappointment, the faculty member may request review of the decision by appropriate faculty committee and administrative officers. If the faculty member does not request review of the notice of nonreappointment in a timely fashion as specified by campus tenure policies, the nonreappointment is final without recourse to any further review by faculty committees, the institution, or the Board of Governors.
    2. If the faculty member files a request for review in a timely fashion, the chancellor shall ensure a process is in place so that a hearing is timely accorded before an elected standing committee of the institution’s faculty.
    3. In reaching written recommendations to the chancellor, the committee shall consider only the evidence presented at the hearing and such written or oral arguments as the committee, in its discretion, may allow.The faculty member shall have the burden of proof.In evaluating the evidence, the committee shall use the standard of preponderance of the evidence (which is the same as the greater weight of the evidence).
    4. The purpose of the campus-based review process is to determine (i) whether the decision was based on considerations that The Code provides are impermissible; and (ii) whether the procedures followed to reach the decision materially deviated from prescribed procedures such that doubt is cast on the integrity of the decision not to reappoint.
  2. Appeal to the Board of Trustees.If the chancellor concurs in a recommendation of the committee that is favorable to the faculty member, the chancellor’s decision shall be final with no appeal available.If the chancellor either declines to accept a committee recommendation that is favorable to the faculty member or concurs in a committee recommendation that is unfavorable to the faculty member, the faculty member may appeal the chancellor’s decision by filing a written notice of appeal with the board of trustees. This appeal shall be transmitted through the chancellor and be addressed to the chair of the board of trustees, by submitting such notice by certified mail, return receipt requested, or by another means that provides proof of delivery, within 14 calendar days after the faculty member’s receipt of the chancellor’s decision.The notice must contain a brief statement that alleges one or more of the following as the basis for the appeal: (a) that the campus-based process for reviewing the decision was materially flawed, so as to raise questions about whether the faculty member’s contentions were fairly and reliably considered; (b) that the result reached by the chancellor was clearly erroneous; or (c) that the decision was contrary to controlling law or policy.
  3. The procedures prescribed in this section shall take effect with any nonreappointment decision effective on or after July 1, 2019.

SECTION 605.TERMINATION OF FACULTY EMPLOYMENT.

605 A.Definition.

The tenure policies and regulations of each institution shall provide that the employment of faculty members with permanent tenure or of faculty members appointed to a fixed term may be terminated by the institution because of (1) demonstrable, bona fide institutional financial exigency or (2) major curtailment or elimination of a teaching, research, or public-service program. "Financial exigency" is defined as a significant decline in the financial resources of the institution that is brought about by decline in institutional enrollment or by other action or events that compel a reduction in the institution's current operations budget. The determination of whether a condition of financial exigency exists or whether there shall be a major curtailment or elimination of a teaching, research, or public-service program shall be made by the chancellor, after consulting with the academic administrative officers and faculties as required by Section 605 C (1), subject to the concurrence by the President and then approval by the Board of Governors. If the financial exigency or curtailment or elimination of program is such that the institution's contractual obligation to a faculty member may not be met, the employment of the faculty member may be terminated in accordance with institutional procedures that afford the faculty member a fair hearing on that decision.13

605 B.Timely Notice of Termination.

  1. When a faculty member's employment is to be terminated because of major curtailment or elimination of a teaching, research, or public-service program and such curtailment or elimination of program is not founded upon financial exigency, the faculty member shall be given timely notice as follows:
    1. one who has permanent tenure shall be given not less than 12 months' notice; and
    2. one who was appointed to a fixed term and does not have permanent tenure shall be given notice in accordance with the requirements specified in Section 604 A(1).
  2. When a faculty member's employment is to be terminated because of financial exigency, the institution will make every reasonable effort, consistent with the need to maintain sound educational programs and within the limits of available resources, to give the same notice as set forth in Section 605 B(1).
  3. For a period of two years after the effective date of termination of a faculty member's contract for any of the reasons specified in Section 605 A, the institution shall not replace the faculty member without first offering the position to the person whose employment was terminated. The offer shall be made by a method of delivery that requires a signature for delivery, and the faculty member will be given 30 calendar days after attempted delivery of the notice to accept or reject the offer.

605 C.Institutional Procedures.

The institution shall establish regulations governing termination procedures. These regulations shall include provisions incorporating the following requirements:

  1. If it appears that the institution will experience an institutional financial exigency or needs seriously to consider a major curtailment or elimination of a teaching, research, or public-service program, the chancellor or chancellor’s delegate shall first seek the advice and recommendations of the academic administrative officers and faculties of the departments or other units that might be affected.
  2. In determining which faculty member's employment is to be terminated for reasons set forth in Section 605 A, the chancellor shall give consideration to tenure status, to years of service to the institution, and to other factors deemed relevant, but the primary consideration shall be the maintenance of a sound and balanced educational program that is consistent with the functions and responsibilities of the institution.
  3. An individual faculty member whose employment is to be terminated shall be notified of this fact in writing. This notice shall include a statement of the conditions requiring termination of employment, a general description of the procedures followed in making the decision, and a disclosure of pertinent financial or other data upon which the decision was based.
  4. A reconsideration procedure shall be provided that affords the faculty member whose employment is to be terminated a fair hearing on the termination if the faculty member alleges that the decision to terminate was arbitrary or capricious.
  5. The institution, when requested by the faculty member, shall give reasonable assistance in finding other employment for a faculty member whose employment has been terminated.
  6. A faculty member whose employment is terminated pursuant to this Section 605 may appeal the reconsideration decision to the board of trustees of the constituent institution.

SECTION 606.RETIREMENT OF FACULTY.

Faculty may retire in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 135 of the North Carolina General Statutes.

SECTION 607.FACULTY GRIEVANCE COMMITTEE FOR CONSTITUENT INSTITUTIONS.

  1. The chancellor of each constituent institution shall provide for the establishment of a faculty grievance committee.The faculty grievance committee shall be elected by the faculty with members elected from each professorial rank.No officer of administration shall serve on the committee.For purposes of this section, "officer of administration" shall be deemed to include department chairs and department heads.
  2. The committee shall be authorized to hear and advise with respect to the adjustment of grievances of members of the faculty.The power of the committee shall be solely to hear representations by the persons directly involved in a grievance, to facilitate voluntary adjustment by the parties, and to advise adjustment by the administration when appropriate.Advice for adjustment in favor of an aggrieved faculty member may be given to the chancellor only after the dean, department head, or other administrative official most directly empowered to adjust it has been given similar advice and has not acted upon it within a reasonable time.
  3. "Grievances" within the province of the committee's power shall include matters directly related to a faculty member's employment status and institutional relationships within the constituent institution, including matters related to post-tenure review.However, no grievance that grows out of or involves matters related to a formal proceeding for the suspension, discharge or termination of a faculty member, or that is within the jurisdiction of another standing faculty committee, may be considered by the committee.
  4. If any faculty member has a grievance, the faculty member may petition the faculty grievance committee for redress.The petition shall be written and shall set forth in detail the nature of the grievance and against whom the grievance is directed.It shall contain any information that the petitioner considers pertinent to the case.The committee shall decide whether the facts merit a detailed investigation so that submission of a petition shall not result automatically in an investigation or detailed consideration of the petition.
  5. If, before this section is established, the faculty of an institution has adopted a faculty grievance procedure that in its judgment is adequate to its needs, it may retain that procedure in place of the one specified above.
  6. If neither the relevant administrative official nor the chancellor makes an adjustment that is advised by the faculty grievance committee in favor of the aggrieved faculty member, then the faculty member may appeal to the board of trustees of the constituent institution.The decision of the board of trustees is final.

SECTION 608.STUDENTS' RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES.

  1. The University of North Carolina affirms that the first goal of each constituent institution is to educate the students admitted to its programs.The freedom of students to learn is an integral and necessary part of the academic freedom to which the University and its constituent institutions are dedicated.Each constituent institution shall provide, within allotted functions and available resources, opportunity for its students to derive educational benefits through developing their intellectual capabilities, encouraging their increased wisdom and understanding, and enhancing their knowledge and experience applicable to the effective discharge of civic, professional, and social responsibilities.No constituent institution shall abridge either the freedom of students engaged in the responsible pursuit of knowledge or their right to fair and impartial evaluation of their academic performance.
  2. All students shall be responsible for conducting themselves in a manner that helps to enhance an environment of learning in which the rights, dignity, worth, and freedom of each member of the academic community are respected.
  3. In applying regulations in the area of student discipline, each constituent institution shall adhere to the requirements of due process as set forth in Section 502 D of this Code.

SECTION 609.JURISDICTION OF THE BOARD OF GOVERNORS.

609 A.Discretionary Review.

The Board of Governors may make such inquiry and review into matters as it may from time to time deem appropriate; provided, however, that the Board of Governors shall not review matters or actions that are subject to separate processes under Chapter VI or any other chapter of The Code, or for which a designated review, grievance, or hearing process has been established by the UNC Policy Manual, including but not limited to student disciplinary matters, research misconduct matters, other employment matters, first amendment matters, misuse of state funds reports, or audit and compliance matters.Moreover, it is the Board of Governors expectation that campus matters will be appropriately addressed at the constituent institution.Therefore, it is only in extraordinary circumstances, as solely determined by the Board of Governors that the Board of Governors will exercise its discretion to review any matter that has not first been brought to the attention of the designated institutional administrator, chancellor, or president for appropriate review and handling.

609 B.Hearings.

The Board of Governors may in its sole discretion conduct hearings.Any hearing, whether before the full board or a designated standing or special committee of the board, shall be limited to such matters as the Board of Governors shall deem appropriate.

609 C.Transmission of Appeals

All appeals addressed to or requests for hearings by the Board of Governors, from whatever source, shall be transmitted through the president.

SECTION 610.RIGHTS OF SPECIAL FACULTY MEMBERS

  1. Faculty members who are appointed as visiting faculty members, adjunct faculty, lecturers, artists-in-residence, writers-in-residence or other special categories are regarded as “special faculty members” for purposes of the University Code.Special faculty members may be paid or unpaid.
  2. Special faculty members who are paid shall be appointed for a specified term of service, as set out in writing in the letter of appointment.The term of appointment of any paid special faculty member concludes at the end of the specified period set forth in the letter of appointment, and the letter of appointment constitutes full and timely notice that a new term will not be granted when that term expires.
  3. Special faculty members who are not paid may be appointed for a specified term of service or at will.Their pay and appointment status should be set out in the letter of appointment.
  4. During the term of their employment, special faculty members are entitled to seek recourse under Section 607 of the University Code (relating to faculty grievances).
  5. Special faculty members, whether paid or unpaid, are not covered by Section 604 of the University Code, and that section does not accord them rights to additional review of a decision by a constituent institution not to grant a new appointment at the end of a specified fixed term.

SECTION 611.REVIEW OF PERSONNEL ACTIONS AFFECTING SPECIFIED EMPLOYEES EXEMPT FROM THE STATE HUMAN RESOURCES ACT (EHRA)

  1. Review Processes.Certain non-faculty employees, as described in subsection (b) below, who are exempt from the State Human Resources Act, may seek review under procedures provided for by this section in the event that the employee is discontinued, terminated, or discharged from employment, suffers other adverse personnel action, or is not appointed following the end of a term appointment.Each constituent institution shall develop procedures applicable to employees of the constituent institution, and the UNC System Office shall develop procedures applicable to those of its employees who are covered by this section.Such procedures shall, at a minimum, provide for the following:
    1. A reasonable time within which a covered employee or former employee may file a request for review, after receiving notice of a personnel action covered by this section.If a covered person does not timely file a written request for review, then the personnel action is final without recourse to any institutional review, appeal or grievance procedure.
    2. Covered persons may seek review of personnel actions based on allegations that:

      (A)For Senior Academic and Administration Officers defined only in Section 300.1.1 I.B., for discontinuations, expiration of term appointments, or terminations of employment with notice, such review may be sought only upon allegations of violations of applicable notice requirements set out in Section 300.1.1. III.B. 1., 2., and 3., of the UNC Policy Manual; and

      (B)For other employees exempt from the State Human Resources Act, as described only in Section 300.2.1, for discontinuations, expiration of term appointments, or terminations of employment with notice, such review may be sought only upon allegations of violations of applicable notice requirements set out in Section 300.2.1 III. A., B., and C. of the UNC Policy Manual; or

      (A)For the Senior Academic and Administrative Officers defined in subsection (i) above, for violations of any provision of subsections III.D. or E. of Section 300.1.1 of the UNC Policy Manual; and

      (B)For the other employees exempt from the State Human Resources Act defined directly above in subsection (ii), for violations of any provision of sections V., or VI., of Section 300.2.1 of the UNC Policy Manual; or

      (A)For the Senior Academic and Administrative Officers defined in subsection (i) above, for discharge for cause or other disciplinary action, or for interpretation and application of a policy provision, all pursuant to and limited by Section 300.1.1 III.C. of the UNC Policy Manual; and

      (B)For the other employees exempt from the State Human Resources Act defined above in subsection (ii), for discharge for cause or other disciplinary action, or for interpretation and application of a policy provision, all pursuant to and limited by Section 300.2.1 IV. of the UNC Policy Manual; or

      Except that for both groups such review may be sought only if the employee alleges the discharge, discipline, or policy interpretation or application was illegal or violated a policy of the Board of Governors.

    3. (i)Notice

      (ii)Equal Employment Opportunity and Protected Activity

      (iii)Discharge for Cause, Other Discipline, Policy Interpretation/Application

    4. If the employee or former employee timely files a written request for review, the president (as to an employee of the UNC System Office) or chancellor (as to an employee of a constituent institution), shall ensure a process is in place so that a hearing is timely accorded before a hearing committee.
    5. In reaching decisions on which its written recommendations to the president (as to an employee of the UNC System Office) or chancellor (as to an employee of a constituent institution), as appropriate, shall be based, the committee shall consider only the evidence presented at the hearing and such written or oral arguments as the committee, in its discretion, may allow.The employee or former employee has the burden of proof.In evaluating the evidence, the committee shall use the standard of preponderance of the evidence (which is the same as the “greater weight of the evidence.”)
  2. Appeal to the Board of Trustees or Board of Governors.
    1. For employees of a constituent institution, if the chancellor concurs in a recommendation of the committee that is favorable to the employee, the chancellor’s decision shall be final. If the chancellor either declines to accept a committee recommendation that is favorable to the employee or concurs in a committee recommendation that is unfavorable to the employee, the employee may appeal within 14 calendar days after receiving the chancellor’s written decision, by filing with the chancellor for transmission to the board of trustees a written notice of appeal, including a brief statement of the basis for the appeal, by certified mail, return receipt requested, or by another means that provides proof of delivery,and alleges as set out in subsection (1)(b), above.The decision of the board of trustees is final with no further appeal.
    2. For employees of the System Office, if the president concurs in a recommendation of the committee that is favorable to the employee, the president’s decision shall be final. If the president either declines to accept a committee recommendation that is favorable to the employee or concurs in a committee recommendation that is unfavorable to the employee, the employee may appeal within 14 calendar days after receiving the president’s written decision, by filing with the president for transmission to the Board of Governors a written notice of appeal, including a brief statement of the basis for appeal, by certified mail, return receipt requested, or by another means that provides proof of delivery, and alleges as set out in subsection (1) above. The decision of the Board of Governors is final with no further appeal.

[8]Pursuant to NCGS § 116-11(13), and notwithstanding The Code or any other Board of Governors policy, the Board of Governors delegates certain authorities to the President of the University.See Policy 200.6, Delegation Authority to the President of the University, adopted 11/13/06, amended 06/08/07.

[9]Because of the unique character and mission of the University of North Carolina School of the Arts and of the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, the requirement that the institution adopt tenure policies will be satisfied at those institutions by an employment system based on renewable contracts, which system need not provide for the traditional faculty ranks.Wherever the phrase “tenure policies and regulations” is used in this chapter, it shall mean, for the School of the Arts and for the School of Science and Mathematics, the faculty employment policies of those schools.Wherever the phrase “tenured faculty” is used in this chapter and in the Policies of the Board of Governors, it shall mean, for those schools, a faculty member holding a fixed-term contract.

[10]See Footnote 8 on previous page.

[11] In computing any period of time, the day in which notice is received is not counted but the last day of the period being computed is to be counted.

12 To meet this deadline, faculty are encouraged to consider scheduling hearings during the evening, weekend, or other non-class time. It is strongly recommended that several days and times be established for the hearing when scheduling the first day, for the eventuality that they hearing may take two or more sessions.

12.1Because of the unique character and mission of the University of North Carolina School of the Arts and of the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, regular faculty holding fixed-term contracts at those institutions are entitled to the rights afforded in this section.

12.2Faculty at North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics shall be given notice no later than February 15 of the reappointment year.

13Because of the unique character and mission of the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, when the employment of a faculty member is to be terminated during or at the conclusion of a fixed-term contract because of major curtailment or elimination of a teaching, research, or public-service program that is not founded upon financial exigency, written notice shall be given no later than the November 1 prior to termination.When faculty employment is to be terminated during or at the conclusion of a fixed-term contract because of financial exigency, the School shall make every reasonable effort, consistent with the need to maintain sound educational programs and within the limits of available resources, to give notice no later than the November 1 prior to termination.Terminations at the end of a fixed-term contract for the reasons stated above in this footnote are not subject to Section 604 of The Code, but instead are subject to Section 605.

The Code: 100.1
End of Chapter 100 The Code and Policies of the University